Enforcing our rights under the Law (A series)

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Introduction

The rights of human beings are as old as creation itself, exhibited by the craving of individuals for freedom. Every society on earth has certain basic values contained in their religions and cultures for the respect of the values of freedom and the sanctity of human life. Human life and human dignity are not to be unjustly tampered with; violence or any other use of force should not be used to the extent of taking human life or degrading human dignity.  Respect for human life and human dignity is universal, it is not an exclusive right or prerogative of any particular society. It is not alien to any society.

 What are human rights?

“Human rights are rights conferred on Men and Women by virtue of their being human, created by God in his image. They are inalienable, inherent and cannot be separated from Men and Women since they are those characteristics that make a human being a true and authentic human being. Without them, a human being becomes reduced to the animal stage. “

Human rights should therefore be viewed as fundamental and universal, and translated into Law in order to confer them respectability and make them enforceable. It must be said that although human rights have been in existence from time immemorial, they received global recognition and importance as the need to ensure peace and order in the society heightened especially after the second World War. The 1948 Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) was the high point of this intensified awareness.

 Categories of rights

  1. Legal Rights
  2. Moral Rights
  3. Natural Rights
  4. Civil and Political Rights
  5. Economic And social Rights
  6. Collective or Group Rights

To be continued

Acknowledgement – Human rights Manual of the Justice Development and Peace Commission, JDPC, Ijebu Ode, Ogun State of Nigeria.

 

 

 

 

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